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辣椒大棚延秋栽培技术

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  1、选择品种

  YANQIULAJIAOYINGXUANZEGAOWEN、KANGBING、FENGCHAN、HOUQINAIHANQIEFUHEDANGDIXIAOFEIXIGUANDEPINZHONG。 

  2、适时播种

  QIUJIAODUIBOZHONGQIDEYAOQIUBICHUNJIAOYANGE。BOZHONGGUOZAOYIFASHENGBINGDUBING,BOZHONGGUOCHIZECHANLIANGDI。MIAOCHUANGXUANZE3NIANYISHANGWEIZHONGGUOQIEGUOLEIDESHUCAIDI,YAOQIUDISHIGAO,TONGFENGHAO,PAISHUIFANGBIAN。BOQIAN3TIAN,JIANGMIAOCHUANGXIJINGGENGFANZHENGPING,MEIPINGFANGMIMIANSAMILEERKELIJIl0KE,YIFANGXIANCHONGJIDIXIAHAICHONG。BOZHONGQIANXIANJIANGZHONGZIPUSHAI1-2TIAN,YONGQINGSHUIJINPAO3-4XIAOSHI,ZAIYONG10%DELINSUANSANNARONGYEJINZHONG25-30FENZHONG,QINGSHUIXIJINGHOUBOZHONG。JIAOTOUDISHUI,JUNYUNBOZI,FUXITU0.8-1LIMI,RANHOUGAIDAOCAOBAOSHI,ZAISHEXIAOGONGPENGGAIZHEYANGWANGJIANGWEN。

  3、精细育苗

  BOZHONGHOU4-5TIAN,YOUMIAOCHUTU,JISHIQUDIAODAOCAO。BAITIANGAIZHEYANGWANGJIANGDIQIWENHEDIWEN,BAOCHIMIAOCHUANGSHIRUN,YUQIANYAOJISHIJIAGAINONGMO,YUHOULIJIJIECHU,YIFANGBAOYUYINQIDAOMIAOYUTUZHANG。2-3PIANZHENYESHI,JIAZHIYUYINGYANGBOZHONG,BINGYONGWANGSHAGELI,YIFANGYACHONGWEIHAI,BAOCHIYINGYANGTUSHIRUN。DINGZHIQIAN5-7TIAN,SHI1CISONGJIAFEI,PEN1CI“YIBIANJING”NONGYAOFANGYACHONG,ZUODAODAIFEI、DAIYAODINGZHI。

  4、带肥定植

  XUANZE3NIANYISHANGWEIZHONGGUOQIEGUOLEISHUCAIDELIANJIANDAPENGZUODINGZHIDI。KAIGOUMUSHIBINGFEI100-150GONGJIN,FUHEFEI30GONGJIN。8YUEZHONGXUN,YANGMIAOZHANGDAO5-6YESHI,XUANYINTIANHUOQINGTIANXIAWUDINGZHI,TICHUBINGMIAO、RUOMIAO,QIMIAOSHIJINLIANGBUYAONONGSUIYINGYANGBOTU,YIMIANSHANGGEN,BIANYIZAIBIANJIAODINGGENSHUI,MUZAI2900-3000ZHU。

  5、加强管理

  延秋辣椒生长期间外界气温较低,应维持适宜的大棚温度,使辣椒果实正常膨大。11月前要加强大棚的通风,打开边膜,促进前期辣椒早发。11月上旬,将边膜放下,开启天窗通风,11月下旬搭中棚,白天揭开中棚和遮阳网,增加光照及提高棚温,夜晚盖上,保温防冻,以利辣椒正常开花结果。延秋辣椒施肥以基肥为主,前期可适当多施复合肥,促进辣椒枝叶茂盛,然后进行人工点花,促进挂果,控制其长势。以后每采一次追一次肥水。利用滴灌施液肥,可有效地抵制土壤返盐。盛花期喷“爱多收”及0.2%磷酸二氢钾促进结果。11月下旬天气逐渐寒冷,应保持棚土湿润以稍干为佳。定植时在畦面铺稻草,具有调节大棚温、湿度的作用,并可减轻土壤盐渍化。

  6、防治病虫

  CAIYONGLIANDONGDAPENGGELIZAIPEI,SIZHOUWANGSHAJITIANCHUANGWANGSHAYINGWANHAOWUQUE,KEQIECHUYACHONGDENGKUNCHONGDECHUANBOTUJING,YINCI,CHONGHAIHENSHAO,BINGDUBINGYEKEDEDAOYOUXIAODEKONGZHI。BINGDUBINGQINGDUWEIHAIYUE5%,YONGBINGDUALIANXUPEN2-3CI,KEKONGZHIWEIHAI。QITARUCUDAOBING、YIBING、TANJUBING、JUNHEBINGDENGWEIHAIJUNBIBIAOZHUNPENGSHAO。

2017-11-15 本文被阅读 977 次